Mr. Schaal graduated in Law from
the Universities of Bonn and Leicester, and also spent an academic
semester at the University of Lausanne in Switzerland.
German, English, French
Mr. Schaal is a
legal assistant at the Superior Court of Duesseldorf. Furthermore he
specialized in International Commercial Law and German Administrative Law.
The Electronic Bill of
Lading: With Age Comes Maturity
The article was submitted to the University of Leicester as the
final dissertation for the Master of Laws and was marked with distinction (72
points). The work deals with the modern form of bill of ladings: the electronic
bill of lading. The article starts with the beginnings of the electronic bill
back in the 1980s and comes up to the present time of 2003/2004. It compromises
the technical aspects (encryption, decryption, algorithms, e-commerce) as well
as the legal aspects and its accordance with UK-, EU- and other international
Mr. Schaal published an article on the copyright exceptions of
the EU Directive 2001/29 in Sweet & Maxwell's Entertainment Law Review, 2003, 14
Another article deals with the registration of smell trademarks in the European
Union, discussing the latest decision of the European Court of Justice from
December 2002. It can be found in the Lex e-Scripta Online Legal Journal,
Intellectual Property Law.
Mr. Schaal's latest article discusses the electronic bill of lading.